Do people in Shandong really love being officials so much?

2020-01-13 | Elephant Guild original |

Shandong people love being officials, today seems to be a fact that needs no proof. But I doubt very much that Shandong people love being officials, the earliest is only the opinion of Beijingers. Please note the fact that only Beijingers and Shanghainese stereotypesIt is a stereotype, because their views can easily become the views of the entire Chinese people.

I came to Beijing in 2001. I did n’t have the impression that Shandong people loved being officials and Henan was a liar in Hunan. At that time, the Beijing dining bureau was popularly speaking about Henan people. In the 1990s, Hunan people in Shandong were generally regarded as Henan people.For the large and straightforward "Northern sister-in-law", the love of Shandong people was an official and the deception of Henan people was considered by Hunan people at that time.

However, when I heard the legends of Shandong people about Beijing, I immediately believed that Shandong people love being officials. They are much more advanced than Shandong people ’s love circulating officials.

For example, a friend in business said that he noticed that the number of Shandong-licensed cars in Beijing increased every time he went to the festival. This came from the festival to Beijing to ask for warmth. Although Hebei is closer, Shandong peopleService is more attentive.

What's more worrying is the following statement: China has no nanny market, and you can no longer find the nanny that you like, and you have a special nanny who has been specially selected and trained in Shandong, and was introduced to Beijing. This statement is completely untestable, It ’s easier to make a deep impression than the real testable Zhuji “Shougang Nanny Village” Mochengwu in Zhejiang.

I later suspected that the Shandong nanny was an association inspiration.

In the early spring of each year, the people who are concerned about national affairs will be attracted by the attendants of the Great Hall of the People. They are carefully selected from various places. But since the current political report, I know that the focus should be on Bianshan.The dewy Jingxi Hotel. One year the Jingxi Hotel was expanded and renovated. The major provinces were afraid to fall behind, but the most eye-catching is Shandong. At that time, almost all the waiters at the Jingxi Hotel came from Shandong. This is in public reports.searchable.

This is true.

Today, online discussions have long been not whether Shandong people love being an official, but why Shandong people love being an official. And the answers are not much different: Shandong people love being an official because the official standard is serious, and the official standardThought is because Shandong is the hometown of Confucius and Mencius.

Today I want to see, not only is the explanation of why Shandong people love being an official, but also the fact that Shandong people love being an official the most.

Of course, at least one thing is right: Shandong is the province with the most senior cadres in China today.

十八届、十九届中央委员籍贯分布

However, there are many senior cadres in Shandong, which can not prove that Shandong people love to be an official, or even that Shandong people are better at being an official. It is actually just a result. Love to be an official does not mean that officials are more likely to be promoted."Official", first of all, what is "good", I doubt that people can reach a consensus on this.

The common saying used to prove that Shandong people love being an official is that people in Shandong especially love being civil servants. Unfortunately, these evidences of being loved by civil servants or in the system are all individual cases.

If it is a case story of system dependence, I have received such a case in Daqing in 2008: The Petroleum Administration has a number of internal recruitment indicators, and mobilized children who work outside the country to resign immediately. It is taken for granted by parents.In order not to let the children miss the recruitment, some people even carried back the children who have read the junior year.

Since speaking of the enthusiasm for applying for civil servants or entering the system, we may wish to look at statistics.

The number of civil servants divided into the national and provincial exams is much smaller than the sum of the latter, and the statistics specific to the provinces are very incomplete, so we may wish to compare the number of provincial exam registrations and admission rates for each province.

From the official website, you can find the 2012-2015 civil service registration data of some provinces the number of private registrations in some provinces. I selected the top five provinces with the absolute number of civil service registrations and got the following rough table.

注:此表中,各省报名人数口径并不完全一致,官网有报名数和审核通过数两个口径,报名数略大于通过数,但这两个数据各省历年并不全,故尽量使用同一口径,仍有偏差,浙江、四川的人数可能高出 10%-15%,而江苏则少了 10%-15%。

In terms of the absolute number of applicants, Shandong ’s enthusiasm for civil servants is second only to Sichuan. However, considering the total population, it is clear that among the five provinces with the highest number of applicants, Zhejiang talents are the most popular civil servants.In these major provinces, the enthusiasm of Shandong people as civil servants is only a little higher than that of Henan people.

However, a higher proportion of civil servants in the same population does not necessarily mean that people are more willing to be civil servants, because a higher admission rate will attract more people to apply for the exam. Therefore, relatively speaking, civil servants in various regions haveCompetition is more a reflection of people's enthusiasm as a civil servant.

Below are the competition ratios of civil servant examinations in some representative provinces in 2016 and 2017.

This table can be roughly interpreted as follows :

Gansu, Guizhou, Yunnan, and other places with economic backwardness and few opportunities are the places with the highest enthusiasm for civil servants;

In Jiangsu, Zhejiang, and Shandong, the three more economically developed provinces, the enthusiasm of civil servants for testing civil servants is almost the same;

Guangdong and Hainan talents are the places where China lacks the enthusiasm of being a civil servant;

Heilongjiang ’s competition ratio in the table is unusually low. It needs special explanation: Heilongjiang is the result of a severely low proportion of young people in the population and a large number of outflows.

Obviously, no statistical data can be found to prove that Shandong people prefer to be civil servants.

As for Shandong is the hometown of Confucius and Mencius, influenced by Confucianism, the official-level consciousness is stronger, so it is impossible to talk about it. Because of the Confucianism and Confucianism, Confucianism and official-level, what are the concepts?Relationships cannot be proven at all.

It is not possible to prove that Shandong people are more like officials than people in other places. At least there is no evidence to show that, compared with its neighboring provinces, Shandong people have not shown a clear preference for civil servants when choosing a job, nor can they prove this.Preference is due to a certain regional cultural concept.

Well, now there is a real problem.

Why are there so many senior cadres in Shandong?

Actually, the uneven distribution of senior cadres' place of origin was far more significant in the past than today.

Taking the Central Committee as an example, among the Eighth National Congress of 1956, Hunan members accounted for 31% of the 97 Central Committee members, and reached the Ninth, Tenth, and Eleventh National Congresses. Although the proportion of Hunan nationals has decreased significantly, they are still very poorly distributed.Equilibrium, Hunan, Jiangxi, and Hubei have extremely high proportions. If you understand the reasons for the uneven regional distribution of such senior cadres in history, today there are many answers for senior cadres in Shandong.

Early senior cadres came from Hunan because the Red Army officers were mostly Hunanese during the Jinggangshan period, while the grass-roots officers and soldiers were mostly from Jiangxi and Hubei. After the Long March to the north, the ranks expanded and the soldiers and grass-roots officers became Shaanxi, Shanxi people, since the Anti-Japanese War, all the fresh blood came from the North. In 1949, the domicile distribution of cadres at different levels was actually a direct reflection of the activities of the Chinese Revolution in different regions in different periods.

So, from the beginning of the 1980s, starting with the old revolution of the Red Army, the red ghosts of the southern provinces, Lao Ba Road of Shaanxi and Shanxi, successively entered the retirement age. At this time, the group of outstanding young men who joined the army in the base areas became strong and powerful young people.Their native place is mainly concentrated in Shandong, Hebei, Henan, and Northern Jiangsu.

This area is the source of the Erye and Sanye soldiers. By the end of the 1970s, most of the two were the right age and the right level, because the cadres of the four field forces were the least affected.The sequence is the most complete. The place that provides the most soldiers is Shandong first, and then North Jiangsu, Henan, and Hebei.

In the era of abolition of the tenure system, cadres need to be young, knowledgeable and revolutionary, those who meet the requirements for a higher level, if they happen to be their little fellows, obviously have a greater opportunity. This kind of organizational behaviorThe founder effect in China is actually an inevitable phenomenon.

Don't underestimate the importance of historical resources. Jiangsu is also a province with more senior cadres, but the economy is better in Southern Jiangsu. The contribution of senior cadres is far less than that of northern Jiangsu, which has a relatively weak economy but richer historical resources.

If you pay attention, you will also find many coincidences. In the 20 years from 1987 to 2007, two of the five heads of the Central Organization Department were from Shandong, and one was from Shandong but lived in Shandong for two.Ten years.

Of course, Shandong's economic development after 1980 also made Shandong officials' career progress more legit than their neighbours. In the past three decades, Shandong's economic figures have been much brighter than those of Hebei, Henan, and the Northeast, and only Shandong has the entire North.Take a shot.

So, whether Shandong people love or not and whether they want to be a cadre is actually not that important.

text / Huang Zhangjin

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