Why don't you argue with Beijingers? Because you will never win!
After the Dongbei dialect and the Hunan accent, the Beijing dialect has been followed by the idiots.
There is such a Beijing dialect guide on the Internet. How do you say, for example, "CCTV", remember that your tongue should not be too straight, you must "install a pad."
There is also "Scrambled Eggs with Tomatoes"-"Scrambled Eggs on the Breast";
There is also a popular kid, also a Beijinger, Luhan, he also has a name, "Lan."
Beijing people love bragging. Even Gao Xiaosong, who is an authentic Beijinger, admires it. Gao Xiaosong once said in the "Xiao Song Qi Tan" program that the two most bragging places in the world, one is Venice, Italy, the otherOne is Beijing.
It is said that Beijingers can brag, in fact, Beijingers are particularly capable of "Kan". It is said that there is no high mountain around Beijing, and all are "hacked" Kan by Beijing people. Therefore, "Kan Dashan" has almost become synonymous with Beijing.
Beijing people speak
Actually, "Kan Dashan" means being able to speak, so Beijingers are not very bragging, but they are very good at speaking.
The spirit of "Kan" has been incorporated into the blood of Beijingers, forming the language characteristics of Beijingers today, which is also the personality background of Beijingers.
Beijing people like to speak with children, for example, Beijingers do n’t say today, tomorrow, yesterday. Beijingers have to say, today, tomorrow, yesterday. In terms of place names, important place names are not added, smallPlace plus.
People all over the country know that Beijingers speak with diabolical voices.
So many foreign friends who have just arrived in Beijing will deliberately call Qianmen, Dongzhimen, and Chaoyangmen as "Qianmener", "Dongzhimen" and "Chaoyangmener" in order to better integrate into strange cities.Knowing this just reveals that he is not an authentic Beijinger.
In fact, the various doors of Beijing Metro Line 2 do not have children's voices, and only the east and west gates and Guangqumen are with the voices.
Because in the pronunciation of Beijing's language, the voiced sound usually means a small meaning, such as steel cymbals, petals, etc.
Beijing people say that the various gates only mention the three small gates of Dongbianmen, Xibianmen and Guangqumen when they were children, because these gates were newly built side gates during the Jiajing period of the Ming Dynasty.The scale is lower than other city gates. Tiananmen and Zhongnanhai, you must not add children's voice.
This is also the reason why the names of large places are not included, but the names of small places are included.
The Dongbianmen towers shot in 1890 are indeed very small compared to other gates. For old Beijingers who are used to spectacular buildings, it is not comfortable to add a “child” to show the difference.
There are four opinions on the generation of Erhuayin in the academic world. They believe that Erhuayin originated in the Liao and Jin dynasties, the Southern Song Dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty, the Ming Dynasty, and the early Qing Dynasty. Now it is generally believed that Erhuayin is relatively mature in the Ming DynastyFor example, the novel Jin Ping Mei uses a lot of children's voices.
As for the source of Erhua, it is generally considered that it is the result of continuous communication and integration between Chinese and northern Altaic languages, including Khitan and Mongolian.
In fact, Erhua is not unique to Beijing dialect. Dialects in other regions, such as Heilongjiang, Qingdao, Sichuan, Shanxi, etc., have Erhua in a certain degree.
So Erhua sounds exist in various local dialects as a normal sound change phenomenon, even in Mandarin, which we usually speak. For example, miscellaneous children, novels, and bargains.
In the Putonghua training manual, there is a special vocabulary for children.
Beijing people also have the characteristic of using “you”. Many people do n’t understand why they have to “you” to “you” when talking to parents? Notably rusty? Beijingers say to me"You", it sounds respectful, but how do I feel that he is angry? Don't worry, let's talk slowly.
Recently, people in Beijing like to say "you". It's a fire. What's wrong? For example, someone's husband and wife quarrel, it's like this :
However, this is not the case for Beijingers. In that tone, you are polite in your anger.
Even when Grandpa taught his grandson, it was full of "Party B breath."
They use "you" when they praise.
When you are ironic, you also use "you", and you are polite, but it is inexplicably "air-conditioned."
So it ’s indispensable for Beijingers to speak “you” for half a sentence. The use of “you” is fantastic. According to the old Beijingers, will you use “you” to explain the rules and not listen?If you understand it, it means that you can get started. A "you" word can be used politely, but can be used at the expense of others, and can be used when angry.
The famous "Beijing scold"
When it comes to swearing, anyone can, the dirty word exits like a sheath sword hurts people! Nowadays, the Internet is developed, and I do n’t know how the word "Beijing scold" has become the signature of Beijingers.. But "Beijing scolding" is not a cultural tradition of Beijingers.
Wuhan has a "Panmao", Guangzhou has "Your lungs", "Throw your mother", Sichuan has "Your turtle son", Shaanxi has "Guapi", you see, friends from all over the countryIf you are angry, you will scold! And the words that friends across the country use, how did it become the symbol of "Beijing scold"?
Actually, most of those who shouted "Silly X" and "X Your Mom" are not from Beijing.
The "Beijing scolding" in old Beijing has absolutely no dirty mouth !!! In fact, children in Beijing have been educated since childhood: bad curse, wrong, uncivilized, ca n’t bring dirty words! So they may be clumsy when they are young, quarrel and fightIt's easy to lose money.
Actually, people in Beijing also pay attention to scolding others. Swearing well is a skill, and there are no dirty words, but you can see the sword, do you believe it?
First of all, because Beijing has a lot of stomachs and it doesn't need "dirty characters" at all, it's definitely "no teeth", just open your mouth.
Scolding people and not spitting dirty words is indeed the characteristic of old Beijing, but it is not enough to determine that it is old Beijing.
Like the old Beijingers who live in Hutongs today, it's hard to say. But the "shabi" one after another after a quarrel is endless. Those who shouted too many times are definitely not old Beijingers.
Actually, this word in Beijing dialect, especially in Beijing's scolding routine, implies "Lao Tzu wants to scold you but has nothing to say" or "You should not use human words to scold"In other words, the word, or this type of verbal abuse of others by modifying the genitals, is actually not the mainstream and preferred in Beijing scolding, which leads to the most important feature of Beijing scolding: the implicit expression of humiliation andabuse.
Beijing dialect was called "Beijing Youzi" in the early years. The meaning of this oil is smoothness. This is good to say. You must swear at others first. If you don't listen well, it means "the thief is slippery."Most of the cursed words do not appear directly as irritating words, but are replaced by various rhetoric.
Compared with other dialects in Mandarin and Wu language, the real Beijing scolding is characterized by more family members appearing in the scolding, regardless of the other party or ours. Try to avoid dirty characters such as genitals, such as death, such as excretory organs.
Besides, the two Beijingers are full of girls x grass, more of them are not scolding the street, but are chatting, using "you" for good friends, that is cursing, and it doesn't feel appropriate to use "you".
For example: "Where have you been mixing up recently? I thought you fold in." "Come, let's not mention it. Your father and I have been drinking and drinking a lot the other day, and I've been lying in the hospital for half a month."x ”
"Come on, silly x second generation".
Beijing people still have a problem with intonation. For example, the same word "Uncle", if someone says "Your Uncle first voice", it means that he will swear, if he laughs with a smile on his faceSaying, "Uncle second, you are here," that means respect.
Whether it is "Kan Dashan", "poor mouth" or "brave bragging" or "Beijing scolding", the characteristics of Beijing people's speaking reflect the humorous and funny personality characteristics of Beijing people. Beijing people are not as swearing and damaging as other places, But often rely on a set of mouth to make you convinced.
Beijing people take advantage of this modestly poor child to gain strength from humorous ridicule, which not only expresses their inner thoughts, but also “turns crisis into peace”.
So this is the subtlety of Beijing people ’s work! It can be said that the poor, self-harmful, and humorous can be ridiculous, which is the unique civilian wisdom of Beijingers. Instead of being an angry youth, they might as well be a “kan” youth, Small park, hutong mouth. After you finish the kan, you will "love whoever," and the family will continue to live happily.
This article is uploaded and published by the media, authors, etc. on Baidu Know Daily. It only represents the author ’s point of view, and does not mean that Baidu knows the views or positions of the daily newspaper. It is known that the daily newspaper only provides an information publishing platform. For cooperation and contributions, please contact email@example.com.