Why are there no so-called gifted children?
On the death of Maryam Mirzakhani, only 40 years old, news reports said she was a genius. She is the only female recipient of the Fields Prize with the "mathematics Nobel" and alsoA young professor who has taught at Stanford University since the age of 31. This Iranian scholar has had good luck in mathematics since he emerged from the Olympic mathematics competition as a teenager.
It's easy to think that someone special like Mariam must have been talented since childhood. Such a person started reading Harry Potter at the age of five and soon became a Mensa member Menza is an IQ memberStandard Intellectual Club, took the GCSE math test before he was ten years old, and was accepted by Oxford University while his peers were still in elementary school, like uth Lawrence.
However, when we look deeper, we will find that the facts are not the same as we think. Mirzahani was born in a middle-class family in Tehran. The father is an engineer and the family has three children. She was a child.The only unusual thing in China was the Iran-Iraq war, which made her life difficult at home when she was young, and the Iran-Iraq war also made her childhood very difficult. Fortunately, thisThe war ended when she was in high school.
Mirzahani did read a good girls' middle school, but math is not her interest. She prefers to read. She loves reading novels. She tries to read all the books she has access to. SheI often hang out with friends at the bookstore on the way to school and buy my favorite works. However, her math scores were very bad in the first two years of high school. Until one day, her brother talked to her while discussing her knowledge with her.After sharing the famous mathematical problems in the magazine, she became obsessed with mathematics, and opened a personal chapter in the history of mathematics.
Is Mirzahani's background very special? Obviously not. Most Nobel laureates are also ordinary when they were young. Einstein learned to speak very late as a kid, and was considered a fool by his servants at home. Although he was prominentHis physics and math scores were accepted by the Zurich Institute of Technology. He did not pass the school's regular entrance examination. When he first entered the school, he worked hard, but was not able to obtain an academic title at the Swiss Patent Office because of insufficient mechanical skills. But he persistedEfforts, eventually rewritten Newton's laws of mechanics with relativity.
And Luis Alvarez and William Shockley, who were excluded from the study by Teman because their IQ was not up to standard, later became NobelAward winner.
Just because being able to read "Harry Potter" at the age of five does not mean that you can still lead your peers in your teens.
According to my colleague Professor Deborah Eyre and the author of the Great Minds and How to Grow Them co-authored with me, these ways are of course diverseOne of them is the learning method that Al called "efficient learning."
So, are there any gifted children? This is a controversial question. A well-known professor and educational psychologist at Florida State University is also "Peak: Secrets from the Novice to the Master"Anders Ericsson, co-author of New Science of Expertise, researched people who have achieved achievements in different fields such as music, memory, and sports in 1980. This number is not surprising. The top talents are oftenIt takes more time. Of course, like Mirzahani, these top talents often have their own unique insights in the process of research and become a leader.
especially interesting, in the study of Eriksson's memory,
Ericson started to study the effect of conscious training on personal achievement. It was a coincidence. At that time, he participated in a chess game in school and lost to a player who had previously lost to himself.After a certain amount of training.
However, it was another famous American educator, Benjamin Bloom's research in the 1980s, that only made people think more about this view. His research emphasizedThe essential importance of family to personal achievement.
Bloom's team researched a group of leaders in different fields such as ballet, swimming, piano, tennis, math, sculpture, and neurology, interviewing these people and their parents.
He found that what these people have in common is that their parents encourage and support them, especially things that interest them.
For personal achievements, whether talent or other factors are at work, we have not yet concluded, but it is certain that these successful ways can be copied and taught, even curiosity is no exception.
Aier thinks that the master's learning secret is no longer a secret. From this point, he will work with the pioneer school teams at home and abroad to study it.
But families should also provide children with such a set of learning methods to ensure broad success across classes and cultures. The collaborative team of the University of Oxford and the University of London lasted 15 years and studied preschool, elementary and secondary school studies, confirmingParents' encouragement to their children often leads them to achieve higher grades on the A-level exams a few years later.
Its derived research is eye-opening. This research focuses on 24 children who have successfully overcome difficulties in the original 3,000 research subjects. Half of them eat free meals provided by schools due to poverty, and more than half of them.Of people come from single-parent families, and four-fifths live in desolate and poor places.
These children talked about the need to study hard in school, listen carefully in class, and keep trying, and this is precisely because they are aligned with adults who encourage such a learning attitude.
Einstein has a typical genius. He has curiosity, character, and determination. He has repeatedly failed in his early years but never flinched. Did he ever think he was a gifted person or even a genius?He once wrote: "It's not because I'm smart, but because I have the courage to face difficulties and not give up. Most people think that intelligence makes a great scientist. In fact, they are wrong and should be moral."
What about Mirzahani? From her public remarks, she can see her curiosity and love for what she insists on. She concluded by herself: "The biggest reward is of course the moment of 'ahaha', that is, the discovery andThe excitement and fun to understand new things-the feeling of seeing the mountains small, but most of the time, doing math is to me a long walk without a route and invisible end. "
This path brought her to the peak of original research in mathematics in her short life. Perhaps this is her unquestionable behavior and her talent.
Translation: Zheng Danrong Proofreading: Yi Lan Editing: EON
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