The Spring Festival blessing is often used to "Shoubi Nanshan", which mountain does Nanshan refer to?

2020-01-18 | Historical University Hall original |

Seeing that it is going to be the New Year, and it is the time when young people are busy rushing between wine tables and banquets, as if they are on the battlefield. If you want to ask what fears you most, students may answer the fear of being askedExam scores, young people may be afraid to be asked about a boyfriend and girlfriend, married and urged to have children ... However, as long as you are a junior, you must not escape thinking of blessings.

And in a series of blessings, "Fu Ru Donghai, Shoubi Nanshan" must be one of the highest appearance rates.

However, have you ever wondered where this "Shoubi Nanshan" Nanshan refers to?

When it comes to Shoubi Nanshan, we must first talk about the source of this idiom, that is, the earliest collection of poetry in China, and the nightmare of recitation and dictation by countless people in middle school Chinese—The Book of Songs.

In The Book of Songs Xiaoya, there is a poem titled "Tianbao", written by Zhou Xuanwang's courtiers and caregivers to call Zhouhu Wang, one of which is "Long in the moon, as the sun rises". Such as the life of Nanshan, do not hesitate or collapse. Such as the pine and cypress, there is nothing inferior or inherited. "This sentence later evolved into" Shoubi Nanshan ", also known as" Shoubi Nanshan not old pine. "

What is the relationship between Zhou Xuanwang and Zhao Bohu?

It turns out that King Zhou Xuan ’s father was King Zhou Li, “the mouth of the people is better than Bianchuan.” After being rioted by the Chinese, King Wang Li escaped from the capital hurriedly. At that time, King Zhou Xuan was still a prince and his lifeAfter being threatened, Zhao Bohu risked hiding the prince in his home to save his life. After the death of King Zhou Li, the prince Zhou Xuan Xuan came to the throne, calling Bo Hu and Zhou Dinggong to assist Zhou Xuan Wang.

You know, Zhao Bohu is the grandson of Zhaogong. Zhaogong is together with Zhougong to assist King Zuowu to defeat the Shang Dynasty, and also to assist the young king to settle the world. Because its Caiyi is calling, generations are called Zhaobo and Zhougong.Because he is the teacher of Zhou Chengwang, he has been appointed as a Taibao for generations, so that his sons and grandsons are called Taibao.

Therefore, according to seniority, Zhao Bohu is the elder of Zhou Xuanwang; according to the relationship, Zhao Bohu is the teacher of Zhou Xuanwang, and he has a life-saving grace for Zhou Xuanwang. Although the two are monarchs and ministers, there is such a close relationshipNow, it can be said to be very close.

However, we still didn't say what "Nanshan" is.

To know the location of Nanshan, we must first understand the location of Zhou Dynasty at the time.

According to records, due to the persecution of Zhou and Di, the ancestors and fathers of the Zhou people led the ancestors across the lacquer water, water, and Liangshan to Zhouyuan now Qishan, Fufeng, Shaanxi south of Qishan, and built a living room.The city Guo built the first capital of the Qi people, Qiyi. After that, the Zhou people have lived, lived, and prospered in Qiyi themselves until they prospered. Until King Wen built the new capital Fengfeng there, he moved away from Qiyi, andQiyi's jurisdiction was divided into Zhou and Zhao Ergong as mining euphemisms. Documents such as "Water Jing · Wei Shui Zhu" and other documents recorded that Zhaogong Caiyi was now found in Liujiayuan, Bali, southwest of Qishan. Taibao Yuge and other objects have also been found there, which may be correct.It is a utensil called by the public to serve CPIC.

Zhao Bohu inherited the ancestor's name, and also inherited the ancestor's Caiyi. The Taibai Mountain south of Zhaodi Qishan has an altitude of more than 3,700 meters, and the other highest mountains are alsoHowever, at an altitude of more than 2,600 meters, it is the highest mountain in Zhou people's eyes when they look around. You can imagine the awe of it.

However, Taibai Mountain was not originally called Taibai Mountain, and "Nanshan" was just the name of Zhou people.

In the Han Dynasty, Taibai Mountain was called "Taiyi Mountain". According to legend, Taiyi Mountain was cultivated by a real person; from the Wei and Jin dynasties, the legend was because of something strange. At that time, people thought that Taibai Jinxing fell to the mountain.The essence is like a beautiful jade, so it is called "Taibai Mountain", and the name is passed down.

However, the earliest name of Taibai Mountain still appears in "Shangshu · Yugong" and is called "Wuwu Mountain". Alas, the richness of things is also. The name of Wuwushan is just an illustration of the richness of Taibaishan products.It is an important source of security, food and living supplies for the ancestors of the Zhou people.

In fact, to this day, Taibai Mountain still has a lot of common Chinese medicinal materials, as well as China's unique plant unifolium. On the mountain, in addition to the golden monkey, takin, Taibai tiger and other animals, there are even giant pandas.. Giant pandas who don't speak Sichuan dialect are also quite new.

However, today there are still such abundant natural resources, then in the early Zhou Dynasty three thousand years ago, the richness of Taibai Mountain's product resources can be imagined.

Then, let's go back and look at the original poem.

The poem "Tianbao" was dedicated to Zhou Xuanwang by his courtiers. Because of the occasion of poetry recitation, most of the guests feasted on honored guests and the friendly nine ethnic groups were not used for sacrificial rituals like Daya, so it was Xiaoya.The poem of "Tianbao" is called "Xiabao Shangye. A junior can go down to become his government, and a courtier can return to the United States to report to his superior." It is a poem that summons the congratulations to Xuanwang's pro-government.Bohu blessed Zhou Xuanwang "like the moon's constant 緪 gēng, as the sun rises. Like the life of Nanshan, it will not fall apart. Like the pine and cypress, there is nothing wrong or inherited." The translation is hope that Zhou Xuanwang "like the first quarter moon, Like the rising sun. As long as Nanshan, it will not lose money or collapse. It is as lush as pine and cypress, and no one is not to bear your fortune. "

It is conceivable that Zhao Bohu must have considerable expectations for Zhou Xuanwang. After Zhou Li's rebellion and deportation by the people, the country has no monarch for a long time. Zhou Zhaozhao reigns, presumably the Zhou royal family is therefore prestigious.Therefore, as a well-known descendant of Zhaogong, but also a teacher and close relative of Zhou Xuanwang, Zhao Bohu must have high expectations for Zhou Xuanwang. He hoped that Zhou Xuanwang would work hard to complete the great cause of ZTE and restore the ancestors' grandeur.

In fact, Zhao Bohu also has the politician's acuity. In the early period of King Xuan Xuan, he used vassals to assist the government, and resorted to the power of vassals to conquer foreign enemies, once restored the majesty of the Zhou royal family, and restored the princes to the Zhou DynastyTribute, historically known as "Xuanwang Zhongxing." During Xuanwang's years, strange ghosts and gods continued to happen, such as rabbits dancing on the street, horses becoming human, uncle's origin, Zhou Xuanwang's death from Duboth, etc.It can be said that the country is about to die and there must be evil. More importantly, the frequent failure of King Xuan Xuan's foreign troops in his later years, and his involvement in the replacement of the monarch of Lu Guo led to the great loss of the reputation of the Zhou royal family.Zi Zhou You Wang lost his country and laid a foreshadowing.

However, having said that, the Chinese riots coincided with King Zhou Li's 37 years, that is, 843 BC, and the death of Zhou Xuan Wang was 783 BC. At the time of the Chinese riots, Zhou Xuan Wang was not waiting to be fed.Babies have grown up a bit, not to mention that it is very likely that they will be pro-government when they are 20 years old and after the crown. Therefore, Zhou Xuanwang ’s political achievements are not mentioned for the time being, only to say that he is over 60 years old, close to 70 years old, in 2000Eight hundred years ago, considering that you had to go east and west and work hard day and night, it really counted as longevity. Maybe "Shoubi Nanshan" is a very useful spell. Maybe.

From "Wuwu Mountain" to "Nanshan", to "Taiyi Mountain" and "Taibai Mountain", the change of name also symbolizes the broadening of the vision of our ancestors. As they walked out of a small world,"The mountain of abundant products" or "mountain of the south" is no longer sufficient to indicate the location, so even the name of the landscape has more cultural allusions.

So, when the Chinese New Year, when others are still saying the same blessings, you can proudly show off the origin of "Shoubi Nanshan", and you can also play freely: "such as the moon constant gēng, such asThe rise of the sun. Like the life of Nanshan, it will not fall apart. Like the pine and cypress, there is nothing wrong or inherited. "

Maybe, you can get a little more money!

Text: Yang Duanhe

References: "Book of Songs · Xiaoya", "Mao Shizheng · Yi Xiaoya", "Shangshu · Zhoushu · King of Kang", "Shangshu · Yugong", "Book of Rites", Wei Shu "Geography of WeishuRecords, The Daoyuan Yuan's "Water Sutra", Zhao Yanfu's "On the West Weekend Outstanding Poet Zhao Bohu"

The text was created by the team of the historical university, and the pictures are from the copyright of the original author

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