It's another year of Spring Festival transportation. What old photos are hidden in the 30-year history of the Chinese railway?
It is another year of the Spring Festival. I do n’t know what the word “Spring Festival” will bring to mind now.
It is a memory of traffic jams, a helpless ticket, or a warm expectation of returning home for the New Year? If you watch carefully, you will find an undeniable fact: China ’s Spring Festival is going year by year. ”"Smooth"; the journey home during the Spring Festival is getting easier every year.
During the Spring Festival 2008, a hundred-year-old snowstorm struck, 500,000 people were stranded in Guangzhou Railway Station, and the crowded scene at Baiyun Airport seemed to be yesterday; when you look ahead, you have to buy tickets and tickets on the spotCountless people went to the line for several hours to buy a ticket to go home early against the cold wind of the winter night ... that's called "a ticket is hard to find."
Photo by Wang Fuchun, Guangzhou Station, 1990
Not to mention our parents who came from the age of steam locomotive. Their spring festival may be migrant workers carrying big woven bags, bosses with big brothers, crowded trains for dozens of hours, and stops.When you want the cup to stick out the memory outside the window.
All of this has become a past that is hard to reproduce. Now we look back at those documentary photographs. The moments that may be sparse and ordinary under the lens of the photographer at the time may have constituted a precious experience of our parents.window.
● 1990-1992 Shijiazhuang-Harbin and Guangzhou, Taiyuan-Shanghai train stop scene Wang Fuchun / photo
When it comes to this field, Mr. Wang Fuchun's works are definitely a must-see series.
He was a railroad worker. In 1977, by chance, he was "commanded" to borrow a seagull camera to take pictures of his colleagues. He can't stop when he flies. "He has been photographed in his 70s.Nowadays.
His self-selected, written, and edited works from his youth condensed into a "Chinese on the Train", which has attracted countless photography enthusiasts and imitations-but the times are no longer, and many times, how to imitate them is not rightSmell.
● Wang Fuchun himself in Wang Fuchun's Collection "Chinese on the Train"
When Wang Fuchun first started to try photography in the late 1970s and early 1980s, there was still no “Spring Festival” phenomenon accompanied by the tide of migrant workers. At the beginning of the reform and opening up, everyone was still accustomed to holding enamel water glasses and wearing period clothes"Liberation Hat" got on the train. In 1977, he photographed several old men on the two trains from Harbin to Suihua and Harbin to Hohhot. They had bright eyes and smiles. Recalling the background of the time, ChinaA decade-long chaos and havoc in the country has just passed. Everyone is like setting aside the dark clouds and seeing the sun, their hearts are full of hope, and the eyes of people communicating with each other reveal endless sincerity. These precious photos are just for oneThe most authentic portrayal of the times.
● Harbin-Suihua left Harbin-Hohhot right Wang Fuchun / photo by 1977
There is no era of the Spring Festival, and there are also busy periods of passenger transportation. Under the condition of relatively backward traffic construction, the usual "blocky tank cars" used to transport goods, including the "guard cars" hanging at the rear of freight trains, will be requisitioned to carry people.. In a small space with no seats, no windows, no toilets, when there are many people, it may even be crowded together like the subway at peak rush hours now-but that crowding is more than ten hours. Wang Fuchun's camera also does it allIt was faithfully recorded. In the past when conditions were backward, many of our ancestors came to us by the will not to be afraid of hardships and hardships. Compared with those ancestors who were "settled away" in stuffy tank cars, we on the road to the Spring FestivalWhat does it mean to block?
● Wang Fuchun's photographs in 1980 left and 1987 right
By the mid-to-late 1980s, the spring breeze of reform and opening up was blowing all over the country, and the rise of the economy also enriched the people's spiritual life. Wang Fuchun began to encounter a couple of new people on the train—at that time, in a better condition,Traveling and getting married has become a fashion. But that ’s not what we are talking about traveling and getting married now. Take a plane to fly to Europe for a honeymoon. Then the bride and groom will buy long-distance train tickets and dress up and board the train.With the glorious scenery of the land of Shenzhou, it may take several days to reach a distant destination. Now thinking about trouble, are you suffering? That would be "advanced enjoyment".
● Shuangfeng-Changting 1987 left Harbin Railway Station 1985 right Wang Fuchun / photo
Some people choose to witness the beautiful results of love on the train, and the slow and big guy on the train has also become a sacred place of love for many young people to rub out sparks of love. Wang Fuchun wrote in the photography collection: "How many young men and womenI want to thank the train. Stay away from parents and colleagues, without reprimand and slander. Leaving a first kiss in the carriage, the train can bear the affection of the two. "Wang Fuchun" sneakly "captured these moments, full of affection and affection unique to that era.Romance. Many people can't help but think of it at the first sight. This is an era when young people write poems, play the piano, read advanced philosophical books, and boldly leave everything to the distance.
Beijing-Harbin 1997 left Beijing-Shenyang 1994 right Wang Fuchun / photo
Guangzhou-Chengdu 1996 This is Wang Fuchun's most proud snapshot of a couple's work
Entering the mid-1990s, Chinese trains speeded up, separating fast and slow trains. The congestion situation in the past has been greatly relieved, and people's lives are getting better and better. Everyone began to seek more entertainment activities in the carriages to pass the time.Nowadays people dare to imagine that in the train compartments of the past, they could solicit a few friends and open the table to pick up the future of mahjong. Playing chess and playing mahjong, these traditional "national quintessence" used to be a daily recreational activity of a generation.
Beijing-Shenyang 1994 left Harbin-Shanghai 1991 right Wang Fuchun / photo
With the development of technology, various first-generation electronic products also began to appear on the train as extremely rare objects. In Wang Fuchun's photographs, young people in 1988 were sitting around listening to the radio tape of Teresa Teng, and by 1999Uncle Nian has turned into a pair of earphones and watched the small TV together. This porous earphone is configured so that the vibrato player on the high-speed rail does not know where it is
Guangzhou-Beijing 1988 left Harbin-Mudanjiang 1999 right Wang Fuchun / photo
Thirty years, Wang Fuchun took tens of thousands of precious photos of history. What he records is not only the changes of the times and the environment, but also the changes of the Chinese people.
I wonder if you have noticed that most of the portraits in Wang Fuchun's works show a kind of enthusiasm and joy.
He does n’t see the suffering in the world. He has worked in railways for so many years, he has seen more than any of us. But he always believes that we are such a tough and hopeful nation, so he always unconsciouslyPoint the lens at those beautiful things.
Guangzhou-Guiyang, 1994 by Wang Fuchun / photo
Wang Fuchun recorded the enamel cups and liberation hats in the 1970s, the stuffy tank cars and young couples in the 1980s, and the bits and pieces of the electronics that gradually invaded people's lives in the early 1990s.
It was only at the beginning that he could not have foreseen it. As soon as the new century 2000 arrived, the "Chinese on the train" gradually became difficult to shoot. The distance and distance between modern people, strong self-protection.The increase in consciousness and awareness of portrait rights has become a huge resistance to his camera.
Just in the summer of 2015, Wang Fuchun on the Shanghai-Hangzhou high-speed rail didn't hold back his camera to capture the picture because of many years of habit, and was beaten because of misunderstanding. He would be 72 years old then.
● Shenyang-Dalian 1994 by Wang Fuchun / photo
However, the hippie smiley old man has never considered giving up. He always feels that every era has the value of being recorded. He changed his compact digital camera and claimed to be a thief who steals pictures on high-speed rail and even the subway.Indeed, even with the photos he took in recent years, the rapid development of the society has made these photos of extraordinary era significance.
Beijing South-Hangzhou 2015 by Wang Fuchun / Photo
Qin Shenke, which was officially opened to traffic in 2003, is the first high-speed rail line in China. The rare high-speed rail has been a "luxury enjoyment" that many people like to take pictures with in the past ten years. And for more than ten years, we have completedThis is the world ’s largest high-speed railway network, and its fares are almost the lowest in the world. High-speed rail travel has become an extremely common convenience option. Now, who else will go to the car to take a group photo? So you see thisHow inexplicable I felt in the photo, China's rapid development is even more unexpected.
● "Chinese on High Speed Rail" by Wang Fuchun
Unconsciously, among the staff of airports, high-speed rail, and various spring sports venues who have performed maintenance and service in the past few years, the post-90s generation has become a new force. From steam locomotives to high-speed rail cars, the rare "Harmony" has alsoIt has become a daily life. The liberation hats, woven bags, big brothers ... and the feeling that people in the south, south and north of the train get together to chat and entertain are also gone at any time.
● Mr. Wang Fuchun during shooting
Thank you Mr. Wang Fuchun for recording these priceless pictures, so that we have the opportunity to understand everything that belongs to our ancestors that will never be reproduced again. Sometimes looking back, we really can't tell whether we are the happiest.One generation, or the joy of parents, is more real. But we must be a better generation, the country is strong, and the transportation is convenient. Perhaps this is the most real happiness.
Digital Photography "Wang Fuchun Railway Passage" Interview Arrangement / Wang Fei
Author / Kong Xue, "The Chinese on the Train: Documentary, Comforting the Scars of Life", Beijing News
Editor of Huixin Tea House · Photographer: "Documentary Photography Is also" Humanology "-Dialogue with Photographer Wang Fuchun" / Duan Linlin
Editor in charge of China Photographers Association "30 Years, Thousands of Trains, Traveling 100,000 Kilometers: Images on the Train Witness the 40 Years of Reform and Opening Up"
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