Who was the first foreigner buried at the National Cemetery?

2020-01-22 | Talk about history under the poplar original |

Most people know that Roosevelt and Churchill had forged a deep friendship during World War II. The two countries have very close relations. They have basically the same pace in handling international affairs and controlling the direction of war;The generals disagreed with each other, fighting openly and arrogantly, blushing and thickening their necks, and even conducting personal attacks.

Eisenhower and Montgomery bear the brunt. Because Churchill pays special attention to military operations, and Roosevelt is almost a "big deal", so that on both sides, the interests of the United States are often challenged by the British. For this reason, Marshall servesEisenhower's strong backing and clever deal with the British.

Through the "spy" around Churchill, grasp the true British thoughts.

The relationship between Roosevelt and Churchill is recognized as "close and continuous". The two often talk together. Roosevelt's strategic ideas and intentions often make Churchill know earlier than Marshall and others. Such a result is inevitably inThe handling of some issues made Marshall and others very passive and awkward.

Marshall, the chief of staff of the Army, naturally understands that the problem lies with Roosevelt, but he can't ask the president to "shut up." Since it is not equal to the internal information, find a British "spy" and turn Churchill'sKnow your ideas in advance and you will be equal. In this way, it will not hurt the friendship between the two countries, and you can deal with the issues equally.

This person was then Marshal John Greer Deere, the British liaison officer in Washington. In order to "grab" Deere, Marshall provided top secret Japanese intelligence; in return, Deere sent the British StaffHe also told him. It was in this way that Churchill's every move was "clear view" in front of Marshall.

To his delight, he not only grasped the ideas of the British, but also learned that Roosevelt's plan was "one killer and two killers." However, their approach was to take great risks, and if they were not careful,It will undermine the unity of Britain and the United States, and even if they are not punished or downgraded, they will be in a very embarrassing situation.

By 1944, the two had developed into a state of intimacy and intimacy. A large amount of inside information was grasped by Marshall, which provided first-hand materials for the competition between the United States and Britain. It seems that the United StatesTo win the "overlord" status of the Allied Forces, not only is the national strength supporting it, "intelligence" is also crucial.

On November 3, Deere died of illness in Washington. In honor of the British friend, Deere was buried at the National Cemetery under the auspices of Marshall. This was the first foreigner buried in the mausoleum. He alsoActive fundraising, the establishment of a Deere statue, deeply expressing nostalgia for old friends.

But the conflict between Britain and the United States is still the focus of Marshall's attention.

The friendly relationship between Marshall and Deere is a very harmonious side between Britain and the United States during the war, but it does not mean that there is no conflict of interest between the two countries. Especially during the Battle of Normandy, the two sides for personal honor and national dignity, Accuse each other, refuse to give up, and even the media of the two countries joined in, and for a while, it was full of excitement.

Although Eisenhower is the commander of the Allied Forces and Montgomery is the commander of the ground forces, but in terms of qualifications, ranks, and combat experience, Montgomery considers himself a winner and has always been dissatisfied with his management. For example, the Allied Headquarters' Situation Analysis Conference, Montgomery almostI have n’t been there, and I have been interviewed by the media without permission.

However, he is the only one who can represent the British and the United States. "After the outbreak of World War II, he won the battle of Alaman, and cheered the failed British and the public, as if he saw a beacon in the dark.He was inspired by his fighting spirit, touting him as a "hero." "Give it all" to Montgomery, who thought he was right.

Montgomery and the British always want to be greedy for their own gains, and take honor, power, and limelight on themselves. This makes Roosevelt and Marshall also very upset. The US military ’s contribution is much greater than the British army, but the newsThe media and radio are all Montgomery's name, which is very unfair to the dead officers and men.

So, Marshall advised Eisenhower that, in accordance with prior arrangements, the Allies had a firm foothold in Normandy and took over the ground command as soon as possible. This was a result that the British did not want to see. In response, Churchill immediately announced the promotion of Montgomery as Field Marshal., One level higher than Eisenhower, until his failed "Market Garden Action" failed.

Eisenhower then held a press conference and took the initiative to bear the battle mistakes. The implication was that although Montgomery was directing the battle, the actual decision-making power was with him. In doing so, on the one hand, it safeguarded the face of Montgomery and the British, on the other handTell the British and the media that he is the true Supreme Commander of the Allies.

Eisenhower cleverly knocked down the mountain and showed great wisdom, but Montgomery didn't seem to appreciate it. Marshall was furious and accused him of being "not at all fair" and often damaged the reputation of the Allied Commander in the media. TheyNever seen such a big fire at Marshall, Montgomery and the British have converged a lot since then.

The British are still embarrassed, and Marshall always supports Eisenhower.

The battle of Arden, the Allies suffered considerable losses. The British took the opportunity to attack Eisenhower, thinking that he was a staff officer and had no actual combat experience. What's more, Montgomery uttered verbal assaults and attacked the Allied Commander to elevate himself.Marshall knows his duty is to maintain the unity and cooperation of the two armies, and he is trying to restrain.

He cautioned Montgomery and other British generals who came to sue, "Do you know why President Roosevelt never visited Eisenhower? Because he is no longer an American general, but the commander-in-chief of the Allies." That is, in military commandThe U.S. President has to listen to the Allied Commander-in-Chief, the British are not eligible to sue.

In this remark, not only did the British generals dare not to make a second attempt, even Churchill tried to avoid military actions, which made Eisenhower very grateful to Marshall. In fact, as a leader, there must be "no doubt, no need for suspects"Especially when the subordinates are questioned, they must support it clearly. At the same time, they also maintain the leadership's own prestige.

With Berlin close at hand, the British who are accustomed to fighting for honors once again "relapsed" and asked to march into Berlin. Marshall kept a clear head. In his opinion, first, according to the requirements of the Yalta conference, Berlin was in the Soviet Union.The scope of its jurisdiction can only be captured by the Soviets; the second is that it is an ally with the Soviet Union and must maintain the unity of its allies.

More importantly, the British cannot be borrowed by a powerful U.S. army to achieve their "personal goals." Therefore, Marshall fully supported Eisenhower and stood up to the repeated protests of Churchill and Montgomery. In their view, the soldiersYou need to have a bottom line, talk about credit, you can't go back and forth, and you can't keep your promises like politicians.

The Soviets captured Berlin, and the British's dream of trying to win greater honors before the end of World War II was shattered. In contrast, the British's approach to fighting the United States and competing with the Soviet Union was nothing more than to maintain the status of the British power and power in the great powers.The "existence of the brush." ​​But things go against expectations, everything depends on strength, and "calling" is not working.

What do you think? Welcome comments and discussions.

References: "World War II", "Marshall"

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