From a layman to a primate, I have been living with chimpanzees for 26 years. Why was 60-year-old identified as face blind?

2020-01-24 | FUN knowledge point original |

Jane Goodall is hailed as "the most knowledgeable chimpanzee in the world". As one of the three female disciples of the legendary ancient anthropologist niche, she has conducted wild chimpanzees for 26 years.Research, much of what we know about chimpanzees comes from her long-term observations, such as the chimpanzee's ability to make tools, how to eat, hunting behavior, and social organization.

Goodall completely broke people's stereotypes of chimpanzees, but in fact, when she first traveled to Africa to meet the ancient anthropologist niche, she did not have any in-depth knowledge of primates, and the research on chimpanzees also changed herLife Track.

"Nature" daughter of a racer and writer

Jenny Goodall was born in London, England. Her father was a racer and her mother was a writer. Since her childhood, Goodall has lived in a wealthy home. She thinks that her bond with the chimpanzee happened at the age of 1,When the first captive chimpanzee was born at the London Zoo, his father bought a plush chimpanzee toy for her.

Goodall ’s father ’s career as a racing driver is very smooth. Wherever his father goes to race, their home is where they live. But no matter where they live, as long as there is a garden in the house and animals and plants in the garden, it ’s good for young GoodallEnough. Dogs, turtles, chickens, and fish are all her pets. Once she watched the chickens lay eggs, she stayed in the henhouse for so long that her family thought she was missing.

Jenny Goodall in her youth

In 1940, Goodall was 16 years old. Her father joined the army and was sent to France. She and her sister moved with her mother to her grandmother's home in Bournemouth, where she owned more pets.Caterpillars, lizards, guinea pigs, hamsters, canaries, and even field snails have their own names and are taken care of by her.

Goodall doesn't like school life. What she longs for is the story described in Mount Tai. She is eager to go to Africa one day to communicate with more animals. This has also planted seeds for her future choices.

Entering Africa and meeting with life instructors

After graduating from college, Goodall did not immediately realize her dream. Instead, a few years later, she suddenly received a letter from her classmates inviting her to go to Kenya ’s farm for a few months.Not only did I save money on travelling, but I went to Africa as expected, and met the then curator's paleoanthropologist Louis Niki at the Nairobi Natural History Museum in Kenya.

Louis Niki and Mary Niki

At that time, Louis Leakey and his wife Mary Leakey had been in Kenya for nearly 20 years. Leagie firmly believed in what Darwin called "the common ancestor of the apes," but there was no relevant evidence. Niche was fancy.Goodall's passion for nature not only invited her to be her own secretary, but also thought she was the ideal candidate for chimpanzee research. Although Goodall had no understanding of chimpanzees at the time, this was exactly what Niche wanted, and he refusedMany researchers who have received systematic academic training are waiting for a enthusiastic and curious person to discover the similarities and differences between the behavior characteristics of chimpanzees and humans, which will also address the "human origin" problem that the niche is concerned about.Inspiring.

Goodall's performance as a secretary made Niki very satisfied. Before going to Tanzania to find fossils, Niki decided to make Goodall a chimpanzee researcher. In the summer of 1960, Goodall received primate anatomy and behavioral studies.After basic training, he entered the Gombe Creek Wildlife Sanctuary in Tanzania and began to observe chimpanzees. However, the wild, unknown, and unfamiliar became the first problem to be solved.

Face blindness becomes the person who knows chimpanzees best

Prosopagnosia was discovered and confirmed by Goodall when she was 60 years old. Her face blindness is "developmental face agnostic disorder", that is, she was born with the problem of identifying and remembering faces.Obstacles, but fortunately this did not affect her observation of chimpanzees.

Jenny Goodall and her son

The initial observation was very unsuccessful. The chimpanzee ran away when he saw Goodall, and the chimpanzee is also a threat to Goodall. You must know that the attack of adult chimpanzees cannot be underestimated. There is only enough calmness to make chimpanzees thinkWhen there is no danger, Goodall and them can approach each other.

The first chimpanzee to accept Goodall was David Greybeard. This is the first time in scientific research that a chimpanzee has been named instead of a number. However, acceptance by David is a mixed matter because it is positiveIt was because of David's closeness to Goodall, that made other chimpanzees timid or more hostile. Apart from keeping calm, there seemed to be no other way. The icebreaking was long, but the harvest came with it.

One day, the chimpanzee David successfully used a piece of grass to "fish" termites in the termite ant's nest and ate it. The other day, the grass became a more useful branch. David dipped the termite into the branch. ThisBehavior is described as "groundbreaking" because it is the first time that people have discovered that animals other than humans make or use tools.

Niche said after learning: "We must redefine humans and chimpanzees." And this is just the beginning. One day after a few weeks, David has a new action. It holds the meat in one hand and cooperates with the other.Climbing on both legs, at the end of the tree was a big prey, and under the tree was its prey. Later, Gudaor witnessed the whole hunting process. Several chimpanzees cooperated to capture and eat a colobus monkey.

Another great discovery of Goodall is the territorial awareness of chimpanzees. Male chimpanzees not only patrol the border, but when there are outsiders, they will send threats and warnings to other members of the group in a timely manner. Sometimes, they will alsoA fierce conflict has occurred.

With these first-hand materials, Niche encouraged and recommended Goodall to return to the UK for a PhD. During her PhD at Cambridge University, her research topic was "Human-Animal Behavior Studies". In 1965,After graduating with Dr. Goodall, 31, she received more funding to continue her research on chimpanzees. Articles such as "My Life in Chimpanzees", "My Friends: Wild Chimpanzees", and the documentary "Miss Goodall"With Wild Chimpanzees made her work in Africa known, and gave people a whole new understanding of chimpanzees, such as social behavior, body language, social organization, life habits, etc.

1986, 52-year-old Goodall ended her life with chimpanzees in the Gombe Creek Conservation Area. She entered the chimpanzee group in 1960. For 26 years, she was accompanied by chimpanzees. She gathered all the researchIn the book "The Chimpanzee of Gombe: Behavioral Models."

According to statistics, in the past century, the number of wild chimpanzees has decreased from 1 million to 200,000, and it is still decreasing. Chimpanzees have become endangered animals. So since the 1990s, Goodall's work focusTurning to environmental resources and wildlife protection, she strived for better living conditions for captive chimpanzees around the world, and advocated the ban on the use of primates, including chimpanzees, for some research. Goodall also said repeatedly:"We are not the only creatures with personality, thought, and emotion on the planet." Chimpanzees are both animals and distant relatives of endangered humans.

Photo of Jenny Goodall and Prince Harry

Interestingly, although Goodall has studied chimpanzees all her life, she says that her favorite animal is a dog, or that she likes nature as a child.


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