Why did the Korean dynasty in 474 suddenly decline?

2020-01-24 | Read History Book at Night original |

918, Korea ’s ancestor Wang Jian established the Korea dynasty through mutiny. In less than two decades, Wang Jian successively conquered two other major powers on the Korean Peninsula: Silla and Baekje, completing the peninsula.Unite.

Compared with the feudal dynasty in Chinese history, the Goryeo dynasty is definitely a "super long standby" dynasty. It established the country from 918 until its destruction in 1392, and the national puppet totaled 474 years.China has gone through five generations and ten kingdoms, the Northern Song Dynasty, the Southern Song Dynasty, the Yuan Dynasty, and the Ming Dynasty. This is a long time span in the Chinese era's mark. However, the so-called "home country" rises and falls from time to time.The Korean dynasty eventually declined. The main reason for the decline of the Korean dynasty was not its inadequate hematopoietic function, but the inability to face it due to changes in external conditions, which eventually caused the internal collapse.

The Goryeo Dynasty has maintained a good relationship with Chinese governments from the beginning of the founding of the country, from the Liao Dynasty to the Jin Dynasty, and then from the Jin Dynasty to the Yuan Dynasty. In 1270, Goryeo surrendered to Mongolia. Since then, Prince GoryeoTo be sent to Yuan Dadu now Beijing for education, the Mongolian royal family and the Korean royal family have maintained a long-term marriage relationship. Under the influence of this relationship, Koreans have become increasingly dependent on the Yuan dynasty, and the internal pro-yuan forces in Korea have become more and morepowerful.

In the middle of the fourteenth century, the Yuan Dynasty rule was on the verge of collapse. The newly-received Korean king Wang Xi believed that the replacement of the Chinese king dynasty would be inevitable, so he promptly cut off some ties with the Yuan Dynasty and washed a group of domestic relatives.The Yuan forces, meanwhile, he also set about recovering part of the Northeast lands allowed by the Jurchen to be controlled by the Jurchens. However, Wang Ji ’s reform soon encountered unprecedented resistance: domestic opposition forces strongly resisted his new policy; Japanese pirates constantly attacked the coastline of Korea;The continuous drought scorched Korea's fields; the Red Scarf Army from China invaded Korea and occupied the capital. A series of blows quickly brought Korea into trouble.

In 1368, the Ming Dynasty officially entered the stage of history. According to the diplomatic strategy of the Goryeo Dynasty, it should immediately pay tribute to the Ming Dynasty. However, at this time it was facing a dilemma because the Northeast region was still in the MongolianUnder the control, if the Koreans completely cut off relations with the Mongols at the request of the Emperor of the Ming Dynasty, the northern border of the Koreans will be threatened by invasion. Therefore, under the situation of continuous internal troubles, the Korean dynasty had to struggle to maintain both the old and the new.Relationship between suzerain.

1374, a court coup led to Wang Xi's killing. His successor Wang Qi was rumored not to be Wang Xi's biological son, so his status was not stable. The Ming Dynasty, as the sovereign state, deliberately delayed the canonization and made Wang Xi's status.More shaky.

In 1385, Wang Xun was finally enlisted by the Ming Dynasty and became a legitimate Korean King. However, due to long-term political chaos, the Korean dynasty was in danger, and Wang Xun's rule was far less stable than the previous King of Korea.

In 1387, the Ming Dynasty successfully recaptured the Northeast region. The Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang of the Ming Dynasty ordered the establishment of Tielingwei, covering the northeast of China and the northeast of the Korean peninsula. This is obviously a difficult thing for Koreans to accept.Under the agitation of anti-Ming forces in Central China, Wang Xun decided to intervene to organize the Ming Dynasty's expansion in eastern Liaoning. However, it turned out that his move immediately caused catastrophic results.

In 1388, Wang Cheng sent general Li Chenggui to lead the army to attack Liaoning. At that time, Goryeo was in the midst of storms and storms, but was preparing to engage in armed confrontation with the Ming Dynasty during the heyday. I do n’t know what Wang Ji thought, but Li ChengguiHe was awake a lot. When Li Chenggui led his army to the Yalu River, he suddenly ordered the army to return, and led the troops to capture the capital of Goryeo, the capital of Korea.".

"Waiwa Island's Return to the Army" gave Li Chenggui complete control of the entire Korean dynasty. After four years of rule with King Puppet, Li Chenggui established himself as a king. Since then, the Korean dynasty that ruled the Korean Peninsula for 474 years has withdrawn.On the stage of history, replaced by the Joseon Dynasty established by Li Chenggui.

Reference: History of Korea

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