What is the tragic ending of the heroes of "Yaobai"?
Late night on October 31, 1937, by the Suzhou River in Shanghai, the atmosphere was tense.
Hebei Bank, there are officers and soldiers of the 524th Regiment of the 88th Division of the National Revolutionary Army ready to go. They have been fighting with the Japanese for four days and nights in the Sixing Warehouse. Many people with injuries, turn their heads and observe the public concession on the opposite bank from time to time.The actions of the surrounding Japanese troops.
Henan Bank is the British army's machine gun position and the citizens who come to watch the excitement by the river. They have witnessed the fighting in the past four days with their own eyes. The Chinese are passionate about the feats of the soldiers, and foreigners are impressed by the performance of these Chinese soldiers.
The front is the Japanese-occupied area, and the back is the concession▼
At midnight, the operation began. The Chinese army proceeded to the new garbage bridge not far away according to the order, preparing to withdraw from the public concession in the center of Shanghai and reorganize it in the west of Shanghai. However, the Japanese army discovered the movement of the 524 regiment and opened fire.About ten Chinese soldiers were wounded. The remaining people successfully entered the concession under the leadership of the chief Xie Jinyuan.
But what awaits them on the other side of the river is not the commendation from the chairman, but the embarrassing years of imprisonment...
The battle of the Four Lines Warehouse may be the highlight of these people
But not their end of life
Picture: Niu Yidian/Pi Chong Creative▼
From soldier to prisoner
The four-line warehouse defense battle was one of the few battles in which the Chinese and Japanese armies confronted equally in the Battle of Songhu. In normal battles, the Japanese army's sea, land, air and armored forces often cooperated in combat, and the three-dimensional attack was almost exclusively the Chinese army.The formed Chinese infantry came to the battlefield, and after a few hours, they became incomplete, which is a common occurrence on the Songhu battlefield.
The Chinese army actually took the initiative in the initial stage
But the gap in military strength quickly manifested, and Shanghai could not hold it ▼
At that time, Japan's war capabilities completely defeated China
From weapons production to organization and mobilization capabilities, China still has a long way to go
August 14, 1937, the Songhu War propaganda published by Asahi Shimbun
For this reason, Feng Yuxiang’s comment on the Songhu battlefield has only a very simple word-"melting furnace", a melting pot of human lives.
After the Japanese bombing, the baby survived at Shanghai South Railway Station
But because the Sixing Warehouse was adjacent to the concession, and Japan at that time did not want to provoke Western interference, so it rarely used heavy firepower, and only used infantry to participate in the fortification. This gave the 524 regiments the opportunity to meet the enemy hand-to-hand and reached the National GovernmentThe effect of propagating China’s enthusiasm for the War of Resistance also made it possible for foreigners in the concession to observe the war situation up close.
In October 1937, the Japanese soldiers who had attacked at the foot of the wall of the Shihang warehouse
Picture: Hyland “BUD” Lyon▼
But after a few days and nights of fighting, the concession became a little nervous. They didn’t know if the Japanese army, who had been unable to attack for a long time, would become angry and bombard the warehouse at all costs, accidentally injuring the concession. At that time, there was a gas store on the south bank of the Suzhou River.Gas tank, once the gun goes off and hits the gas tank, the consequences will be disastrous.
So after watching the "performance" for several days, the impatient public concession garrison commander General Smalet finally came forward to mediate the peace, Ying 88 Division Deputy Commander Feng Shengfa, Chief of Staff Zhang Boxing the officer who responded to He Xiangning in the film,At the request of Shanghai Garrison Commander Yang Hu, he contacted the Japanese commander of the Shanghai Dispatch Army Matsui Ishine, requesting that the four-line defenders be allowed to evacuate through the concession, and the British army will provide cover.
However, this agreement was not completed in writing, it was just an oral gentleman's agreement. This turned the fate of the Four Elements Defenders after their retreat to the south by 180°.
The Great Wall of the Eight Hundred Soldiers in the Anti-Japanese War Memorial Hall in Shanghai Sixing Warehouse
But the 800 people's statement is only to confuse the enemy
There are only more than 400 people who fought the Japanese army for 4 days and 4 nights
Picture: Chen Ruoque/Picture Chong Creative▼
At 2 o'clock in the morning on November 1st, all the remnants of the defending army entered the concession. However, the soldiers had not received much rest. They were notified by the British army at 4 o'clock to hand in all their weapons. At that time, many soldiers disagreed and saidRather than surrender the weapons, it is better to cross the river and charge again, and Commander Xie cannot dissuade these excited soldiers.
In the end, Zhang Boxing came forward, persuading everyone that there must be a reason, and the British army will make a list, "take care of it," and the soldiers will hand over the weapons.
But Chief of Staff Zhang himself did not know what was the "reason" behind this, and the British army in the concession was even more eloquent. According to Zhang Boxing's recollection, the British finally told the truth-the concession had received threats from the Japanese, If the four-line defenders cross the border with arms, the Japanese will also pursue them with arms.
People who are really on the front line not only have no choice
also no right to know
Picture: Duck Fairy/Picture Worm Creative▼
The officers and soldiers whose weapons were confiscated were no longer able to resist. They were quickly caught by the British army and sent to an open space opposite No. 40, Singapore Road now Yuyao Road to "rest". There were only large and small tents in the open space.Some, there is barbed wire outside, the conditions are very simple, called temporary resettlement, it is actually imprisonment.
Fight against the enemy for four days, imprisoned for four years
For these bloody soldiers who are willing to die for the nation
Every day being imprisoned here is a torture
In 1937, soldiers from the lone army camp arrived in the concession
Picture: Hyland “BUD” Lyon▼
And Xie Jinyuan himself was sent to this camp after taking a break with the treatment of an officer.
The soldiers who crawled out of the sea of blood on the mountain did not expect that they would be trapped in this camp for four years.
Daily in "Lone Army Camp"
After learning that the 524 regiment was under house arrest, the National Government has repeatedly notified the Public Concession Ministry of Industry the highest administrative agency to release people as soon as possible.
But at this time, the Shanghai area was basically controlled by the Japanese except for the concession, and the concession became a small island in the ocean in the Japanese-controlled area. These notes from the Chinese side are destined to be unanswered. The Ministry of Industry and Technology, which is worried that Japan will retaliate,I tried my best to procrastinate, but I didn’t let anyone go, but built 4 bungalows in the camp, which slightly improved the living conditions of the officers and soldiers.
At this time, Japan has not yet declared war with Western countries
But Western countries do not want to provoke Japan
This camp was later called the "solitary army camp". This is a double-tended name, which means that it is a solitary Songhu army stationed in it, but also that it is a Chinese army camp alone guarding Shanghai.
But the barbed wire was not removed, and the guards with live ammunition at the gate did not evacuate. In order to avoid diplomatic troubles, the Ministry of Industry and Technology also sent a Belarusian guard to guard the gate and did not give the 524 regiment any chance to escape.
Schematic diagram of the lone barracks
Picture: NGCHIYUI / Figure Chong Creative▼
The National Government, which knows that there is no hope of saving people, can only come up with traditional arts-promote the whole regiment to a level in the air, and reward 3000 yuan. However, on the land of China, the "grace" from Nanjing, yesThese soldiers trapped in prison are meaningless. The current situation at that time is so ironic.
For soldiers surrounded by enemies
What is the use of a piece of award
Certificate of honor for injury to the Four Lines Warehouse in the War of Resistance against Japan
Picture: Laoshanhuo/Tuchong Genius▼
The enthusiasm of Shanghai residents in the concession is very high. They have generously donated their money and continuously sent comfort products to the camp to show their determination to fight the war. The citizens who entered the camp for interviews, visits, and gifts were in an endless stream.There are as many as 3,000 people a day. The officers and soldiers who have gradually accepted the fate of imprisonment also simply use this lone army camp as a patriotic education base to encourage citizens to persist in the war.
However, the head of the regiment Xie Jinyuan knows that soldiers cannot be idle, especially when these soldiers are still responsible for the education of the War of Resistance against Japan. They need to maintain a good mental outlook and improve their own quality in order to set an example for the Chinese people in the War of Resistance.
Therefore, even in this lone barracks, the officers and soldiers still insist on performing exercises, training, and competitions, and even set up schools with outside support, including various cultural courses such as language, mathematics, history, music, sports, and skills training such as driving and accounting..
The soldiers really used these skills in practice. Under the guidance of the textile master and the soap maker, they produced the Lone Army brand socks and soap, which can be used for sales if they are left, partially solved the Lone Army’s livelihood problem.
Unfortunately, there has been no national flag in the camp, and there is no way to hold a flag-raising ceremony, because the Ministry of Industry and Commerce has always worried that solitary behavior will anger Japan.
However, an army without a flag is an incomplete army, and it will make people gradually forget what they are fighting for. This is extremely detrimental to the management of the army. So when the Ministry of Industry and Technology refused to provide the flag, theyWe simply organized a "spiritual flag-raising ceremony", paying attention to the non-existent national flag before the parade, and singing the national anthem to boost morale.
To commemorate "August 11th", negotiate with the public concession, hope to hang the flag for three days
After hanging the flag, the Ministry of Industry and Technology sent British, Italian and White Russian troops
A brutal machine gun shot was carried out on the soldiers of the lone army camp
August-October 1938 Xinhua Daily's continuous report on "Lone Army Raising the Flag"
Picture: Sovereign Mei in Shanghai / Tuchong Creative▼
Many citizens have witnessed all this, which makes the image of the four marches defenders outside the battlefield, adding a layer of legend.
One year later, the Bureau of the Ministry of Industry finally agreed to raise the flag. However, to prevent the Japanese found out, the defenders were asked to cut the flag pole by eight meters to be flush with the canteen. But when the soldiers raised the flag, the Bureau of the Ministry of Industry turned back.The Belarusian guards were sent in to capture the flag, killing four flag bearers and wounding more than 100 people. The citizens in the concession were so angry that they finally forced the Ministry of Industry and Technology to compromise and allowed the lone army to raise the flag during the holidays.
The veteran is not dead
In March 1940, Japan supported Wang Jingwei's puppet government to come to power in Nanjing and confronted the Chongqing National Government in the east and west of the Yangtze River.
Since then, Chen Gongbo became the mayor of Shanghai's pseudo-government. However, the second person of the Wang's pseudo-government was just an unpopular commander in Shanghai. In order to gain popularity in the new territory, Chen went to the solitary military camp.I hope they will also join the "curve to save the country" team to stand for the pseudo-government platform.
Chen Gongbo, Chen Duxiu and others formed the Guangzhou Branch of the Communist Party of China
Also was a representative of the Communist Party of China
But later became a famous traitor
1943, Chen Gongbo visited Japan, picture: wikipedia▼
Of course, this was strictly rejected by Xie Jinyuan. Head Xie, who blasted Chen Gongbo away, knew that the external situation was deteriorating and he was afraid that he would die soon. He also wrote a will: "There is a death in life.Death in the real world is the joy of life."
His worries came true on April 24, 1941. During the morning exercise that day, four soldiers carried daggers and pickaxes assaulted Xie Jinyuan, hitting the head and killing him, and severely wounded the regiment deputy who rushed to intercept.Logo.
Not sacrificed on the battlefield, but was killed by "owner"
They are the traitors bought by the puppet government of Wang.
After Xie Jinyuan's death, the lone army camp was led by Shangguan Zhibiao and the original machine gun company commander Lei Xiong, and continued to wait for his own destiny in Shanghai.
Soon, the Pacific War broke out, Japan and the United States declared war, and the public concession was no longer a "neutral" place. The Japanese army, who had been watching for a long time outside this isolated island, swarmed into the concession and took over the lone army camp. The lone army who stood by for four years, This time became a prisoner in the hands of the Japanese army.
Japan made a desperate attack on the United States in order to keep the war running
Hope to destroy the Pacific Fleet and force the US peace talks, but failed
In 1941, the burning American warship at Pearl Harbor
In order to prevent lone resistance, the Japanese army specially dismantled the remaining 333 people according to their ranks and scattered them to different places to do coolies, including Anhui, Zhejiang and other enemy-occupied areas.
For example, Lei Xiong and more than 80 brothers were sent to Yuxi Town, Hexian County, Anhui Province to transport coal. They worked extremely hard and were closely guarded by guards. But they did not give up resistance. Instead, they used drunken cards to confuse the Japanese army.A team observes the sentry while working and letting the wind go.
Four-row soldiers who were sent to Nanjing by the Japanese army to work as coolies
Many of them are still underage,
However, I have been honed as a real soldier on the occasion of the survival of the nation ▼
Two months later, under the leadership of Lei Xiong, these 80 people took advantage of the unprepared defenses to launch a surprise attack. At the cost of 33 casualties, they seized guns and ammunition from the defenders, broke through the encirclement, and were still in the guerrilla zone.Encountered with officers and soldiers of the New Fourth Army, and under the escort of the New Fourth Army, broke through the Japanese blockade and headed towards Laohekou, Hubei.
At this point, they still want to continue westward, hoping to return to Chongqing to report and continue to kill the enemy.
Unfortunately, Lei Xiong couldn't afford to be ill in Laohekou, and ultimately failed to fulfill his long-cherished wish. The remaining heroes met a military ship in Badong County and finally arrived in Chongqing.
Actually, there are a group of more distant soldiers than the soldiers who went to Chongqing
The picture below is for illustration only▼
The farthest group of soldiers was exiled to work on the island of New Guinea in the South Pacific, called the "Chinese Servicemen's Industrious Team". Until August 1945, after Japan surrendered, these Chinese soldiers were taken by Australian warships.It was discovered that he returned to Shanghai via Hong Kong.
In 1945, Chinese soldiers in the Lonely Barracks were rescued by Allied forces in Australia
At this time, many ancestors have been forced to sleep on the land of a foreign country
Photo: Australian War Memorial▼
But the National Government at that time no longer paid much attention to these veterans who shed blood and sweat during the War of Resistance Against Japan. Many soldiers who returned to the state-controlled area after nine deaths were thrown into the disabled servicemen's office or the Les Invalides waiting to be dismissed.
The defending battle against death seems to have never happened.
In 1947, the Shanghai Municipal Government announced a renaming message, renamed Manzhou Road in Zhabei District to Jinyuan Road to commemorate General Xie Jinyuan who fought bravely here Xie was posthumously awarded the rank of major general after his sacrifice.
between Jinyuan Road, Guoqing Road, Guangfu Road, Xizang North Road
Picture: google map▼
This road is still there today. The quadrangular area that it doubles with Guoqing Road, Guangfu Road, and North Tibet Road has also restored the appearance of a four-row warehouse during the Anti-Japanese War. It uses a broken body to tell the tourists on both sides of the Suzhou River.The story that happened in 1937.
The story that Chinese people should never forget in their lifetime.
Picture: Boiler Rabbit / Figure Worm Creative▼
Hu Haolei. The Legend and Truth of the Four Lonely Army[D]. Shanghai Normal University, 2015.
Liu Ping, Hu Yulong. Eight hundred warriors fighting against Japan and Mongolia[J]. Party History: Theoretical Edition, 1997 7: 22-24.
Deng Yanming. Hubei Heroes in the Four Lines Warehouse[J]. Hubei Archives, 2015 8: 4-14.
Deep Blue. Why did the "eight hundred warriors" fail to withdraw from Shanghai[J]. Wenshi Monthly, 2011 2: 15-16.
Zhang Ren. The feat and ending of the "Four Elements Warriors"[J]. Union Information, 2016 26: 17-18.
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