Is Nantong really the place where prisoners were exiled in ancient times?

2020-11-11 | History of Zhenghao Original |

The coastal cities in the eyes of modern people are all rich and prosperous. As the saying goes, coastal cities have a natural advantage in trade. However, Nantong, a city near the river and the sea, was a place of exile for prisoners in ancient times, This makes many people wonder. Do these prisoners have a deep background? Exiled here is not for them to suffer? It is for them to enjoy the blessing?

Ancient Nantong was not a good place, so it was chosen as the place of exile

Why is Nantong a place of exile in ancient times? Many people are constantly looking for clues. Some people say: You see that the appearance of Nantong people is obviously not like southerners, but more like Mongolians in the north. Others said: Nantong this oneThe place does not have its own dialect, but many dialects are mixed and used, so it is absolutely correct to say that this is an ancient place of exile.

Relevant documents of Nantong have been recorded in history, and it is also mentioned that some prisoners have been exiled to Nantong. The only dynasty with such records is the Northern Song Dynasty.

At that time, Nantong was only a land of sandbars. The land was barren and there was no production. If you want to live here, you can only rely on a small boat to go fishing. So in the eyes of ancient people, Nantong became the best place of exile.

After all, the shipbuilding technology before the Ming Dynasty was not advanced, so it was impossible to go to sea for cross-border trade. Nantong did not have fertile farmland for people to cultivate, and people living here were often hungry and full. Thinking about fishing to increase incomeIt’s even more impossible. Only marinated salted fish can be shipped out. Rich people would not eat these things. And the ancients didn’t seem to like seafood. They would rather eat freshwater fish with a lighter fishy smell.

In addition to fishing, people living in Nantong can also boil salt. However, in ancient times, salt and weapons were prohibited from being sold privately by the imperial court. Therefore, it is even more impractical to make a living by boiling salt.Except for the wind and sun drifting at sea, there seems to be no second way out.

Nantong is not only the exiled people, but also the migrants who have fled here

What is a "liuren"? According to ancient records, "liuren" is the "liuren" in ancient times. The life of the people at that time was very difficult, and they worked hard every day facing the loess and back to the sky, and the harvest was complete for a yearIt depends on God's face. Once there are some natural disasters, the whole family can only escape famine in order to have a way to survive.

There used to be such a description in "Taiping Huanyu Ji": "Hu Douzhou is in the sea 238 miles southeast of the county, 80 miles from east to west, 35 miles from north to south, and there are many people who live in salt."The "liuren" here should refer to the refugees, Wang Changling's "Listening to Liurenshui Tune", the meaning of "liuren" is the same for both.

Many people came to Nantong in order to make a living, and have since settled down here. The local dialects of the South and the North converge to form a unique language environment in Nantong. Even some people in Nantong can say three or four in one breath.I planted a local dialect, and the earliest Nantong dialect has long since disappeared.

The past and present life of Tongzhou development depends on these two dynasties

Tongzhou another name for Nantong in ancient times can develop from a barren sandbank to a prosperous developed city. The Ming and Qing dynasties were its most important turning point. Ming Chengzu Zhu Di set the capital with a big hand, and thenThe expansion of the Grand Canal made Tongzhou a hub station extending in all directions. The shipbuilding industry in the Ming Dynasty itself was very developed, and the water route was often much faster than the dry road. In an instant, all the wealthy merchants all over the country gathered in Tongzhou, Tongzhou.Brings business vitality.

The peak period of Tongzhou's development was the period from the middle of the Ming Dynasty to the early Qing Dynasty. At this time, Tongzhou expanded and expanded, and it has long become a super city of commercial trade. You can buy almost all over the country here.There are dozens of markets for all kinds of commodities.

Everything will rise and fall. In the late Qing Dynasty, my country had railways, and water transportation gradually shifted from waterways to railways. Tongzhou’s economic status has declined, but the centipede is dead and not stiff. Ordinary merchants can’t afford railways, salt , Tea and other bulk goods, still rely on the Beijing-Hangzhou Canal for turnover.

It's just that the annual transportation volume of the canal is gradually reduced, causing more and more silt in the canal, which forms a vicious circle. Fewer boats lead to silt congestion in the canal, and then the volume of water in the canal will also decrease.Many big ships cannot sail through.

Compared with the rapid development of China's railways at that time, the transportation volume of the canal at this time only accounted for about 4% of the railway transportation volume. Finally, in the 31st year of Guangxu, the canal completed its final mission and abandoned itNo, Tongzhou quickly declined, and the prosperity of the past will never be seen again.

Today’s Tongzhou is booming, and the old canal and water transportation sites in the past have become famous tourist attractions. This ancient city that has witnessed the rise and fall of several dynasties is radiating new youth. The transportation industry here is still developed.Vigorously develop education for the ideal homeland of many Tongzhou people.


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