What is the use of the stun camouflage on the battleship, why is it necessary to have a stun effect?

2020-12-31 | Science on the planet Original |

Battleship is a high-tonnage naval warship that mainly demands the offensive power of large-caliber artillery and the protective power of heavy armor. It is one of the largest and most complex weapon systems ever created by mankind.

Warships began to develop in 1860 until the end of World War II gradually declined. They have been one of the main ships of the major sea power countries and are highly valued by various naval powers. Warships are hidden for better hiding, With hidden painting to hide.

The navy first noticed that the role of camouflage began during the Crimean War. In the first world-class war in world history, in order to improve the concealment of warships, the Russian Imperial Navy began to paint on warships fighting in the Baltic Sea.The upper layer looks like a gray-blue color similar to that of the rock. This gray-blue color can blend with the color of the sea, so that the warship is well hidden. Later, in the Russian-Turkish war, the small torpedo boat was painted withThe light green of the sea water color is similar to hide.

Later, this kind of camouflage style similar to the color of the battlefield was not continued. At the beginning of the 20th century, the popularity of Victorian style affected the camouflage style of warships, especially cruisers and ironclad ships.Cool camouflage style. These warships usually have black hulls, white superstructures, yellow chimneys and many gilded decorations.

This style was later gradually shaken off by the Japanese and Austro-Hungarian navies. Japan began to paint warships in a color similar to the color of the sea. As the fighting distance continued to increase, its advantages became more obvious. When warships and the sea surfaceWhen gradually integrated, the enemy will find it difficult to target the warship.

During the outbreak of World War I, warships of various countries will not only be threatened by attacks from above the sea surface, but also by submarines below the sea surface. The aiming of submarine torpedoes is based on visual data.

The submarine commander calculates the triangulation distance based on the data collected by the optical rangefinder. He must visually confirm the movement parameters of all targets: speed, size and navigation angle. Vertigo camouflage plays its role at this time, The vertigo camouflage gradually blurs the outline of the battleship and blends with the sea and sky, making it difficult for the submarine crew to confirm these parameters and disturbing his judgment on the size of the ship.

At that time, British artist and naval officer Norman Wilkinson proposed this vertigo camouflage scheme. The abstract design was used to create illusory horizontal planes, angles and other shapes so that the enemy could not distinguish the exact position of the battleship and confuse the enemy who was about to launch an attack..

British zoology professor Graham Kerr also proposed to paint the warship in zebra style. He believed that the continuous and uniform color was more conspicuous and could be offset by strong contrast. But these ideas were not immediately adopted until 1915, The Admiralty began experimenting with subversive camouflage based on Wilkinson’s proposal.

The vertigo camouflage is based on the concept of fancy art at the time, mainly cubism. Its main colors are black, white, off-white, green and blue. It can make the appearance of the ship dazzling. AlsoFake waves are painted to hide, for example, fake waves are painted on the front part of the hull to prevent the enemy from confirming the speed of the battleship. Fake waves are painted under the stern to make the enemy confused about the course of the battleship.

Complex weather conditions at sea and the shaking range of the battleship itself will have a certain impact on the enemy's reconnaissance and artillery aiming. The existence of vertigo camouflage will further interfere with the long-distance visual reconnaissance of enemy ships and aircraft.The probability of a large misjudgment. During an exchange of fire at sea, it can also further confuse the sight of the opponent’s artillery aiming personnel, increasing the probability of missed sighting.

Later, with the continuous development and improvement of a series of detection and guidance methods beyond optics such as radar, this method of using hidden painting to interfere with the enemy's vision has played less and less role.

Considering the issue of cost, the number of warships using hidden camouflage began to decrease, and later concentrated on small and medium surface auxiliary warships such as highly maneuverable escorts and patrol boats. It is also used on such small coastal ships.It can more fully play the role of hidden painting, because the background environment of its coastal waters makes it easier to integrate into it.

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