What are the special seating arrangements of the ancients?

2021-01-10 | History Blue Teacher Original |

In ancient my country, the order of seats on all occasions was strictly distinguished.

At the banquet, the most respected seat in the room is sitting west facing east, followed by sitting north facing south, again sitting south facing north, and sitting the lowest sitting facing east facing west. For example, in "Historical Records · Wei Qiwu An Hou Biography": After Wu'an Hou became the prime minister, he invited guests to a banquet, "Sit his brother to cover Hou Nanxiang, and sit eastward." He believed that the prime minister was noble and could not break the rules privately just because of his brother.

Also in "Jianghou Zhoubo Family": Zhou Bo, the minister of the early Han Dynasty, did not like literature, "every time he summons the students and scholars, he sits and blames him:'Fun hurry up speak for me!'", The venerable, and the educator. The "Nan Yue Biography" records: The Nan Yue King and the Queen Mother wanted to belong to the Han Dynasty, and they were worried that the Prime Minister Lu Jia would initiate a rebellion first, so they set up a banquet and wanted to rely on the power of the Han Dynasty envoy to kill Lu Jia.They all face east, the queen mother faces south, the king faces north, Xiangjia and ministers all face west, sit and drink”.

The "Historical Records of Xiang Yu" contains: "Wang Xiang and Xiang Bo sit in the east, Yafather sits in the south, ... Pei Gong sits in the north, and Zhang Liang sits in the west." Among them, the king Xiang is the most respected.Zhang Liang’s seat was the lowest. Liu Bang was a guest, and he had "date brothers" with Xiang Yu and let him sit in the "third class". It can be seen that Xiang Yu did not treat him as a guest equally; and his entourage Zhang Liang had to be in the mostThe humble seat. Fan Kuai who came in later was only Liu Bang participating in the ride, so he could only stand with Zhang Liang in the humblest position.

People often use seats from west to east to honor the teacher. According to the "Historical Records of Huaiyin Hou Biography": Han Xin's subordinates captured Zhao Guo's adviser Li Zuoche alive, and Han Xin "is to untie him, sit east and westYes, I’m a teacher", ask him about military strategy. Also, "Huan Rong Biography of the Later Han Dynasty" says: Emperor Ming of the Han “respects his teacher’s courtesy” and respects Huan Rong very much. He often travels to Huan Rong Mansion by car, “Ling Rong”Sit on the east side and set up a few sticks.” The seat of respect for the teacher sits on the west side, and at the west end of the table, that is, the Xixi. Later, people used "xixi" and "xibin" to refer to the teachers and friends of the audience.

In contrast, sitting east and west, this is the seat of the master. Therefore, the post-employed tutors, friends and employees will use the "host" to call the master.

In ancient my country, the building structure is generally the hall, that is, the front hall and the back room. The ritual activities held in the hall are respected to the south. The emperor must sit north to south when gathering his officials. Therefore, the ancients will be kings. Proclaiming emperor is called "Southern", and proclaiming ministers is called "Northern".

In addition, there is another view that the right person is respected, so the person who is relegated to the left is called "left shift", and in the seating arrangement, the person with the second-ranked position sits on the right side of the most respected person.

After the Sui and Tang Dynasties, square, rectangular, and round tables and chairs began to appear, and the etiquette of seating arrangements also changed accordingly. After the middle of the Qing Dynasty, the popular dining table in restaurants was round tables, and the seating order was usually based on the room's orientation and decorative design styleSet. No matter how you change, the up, down, front, back, left, and right sides have not yet

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